Feed the poor and needy. An honour and a privilege.
Fidyah and Kaffarah are both forms of compensation Muslims must pay for not keeping a fast in the month of Ramadan.
“If Allah were to punish men for their wrong-doing, He would not leave, on the earth, a single living creature.”(Qur'an 16:61)
Mistakes, failures, not reaching our best; it happens to everyone. But as He is just, He is also merciful. He puts in place systems for how to deal with our moments of weakness, even in the holiest of times.
There are certain forms of compensation that Muslims are liable to pay for not fasting -due to various reasons -during the month of Ramadan. However, these penalties fall into two very different categories called Fidyah and Kaffarah.As both Fidyah and Kaffarah paymentsare in response to specific situations, rather than a general obligation, these do not count towards your overall annual Zakat payment. Instead, let us recognise these donations for what they are: generous provision based on the recognition of our own weaknesses offered in mercy andwith grace.
Fidyah is owed when a Muslim cannot keep a fast due to various unavoidable factors. Fidyah donations comprise of a donation to feed someone in need, for each day of fasting missed. Should a fast be missed due to illness or travel, where you are able to make up for it after the month of Ramadan, then this should be done. A Muslim would be justified in donating Fidyah if they can’t fast because of age, illness, or pregnancy.
Fidyah is £5 per fast missed or £150 for the month of Ramadan.
This payment is enough to cover the cost of feeding 1 person with meals for 1 day, or for 30 days as appropriate.
Translated into English as “expiation” or “atonement”, Kaffarah is the donation a Muslim would offer if they intentionally break a fast without a valid reason to do so. Intentionally missing a fast carries a higher penalty than an unintentional breaking of the fast. Where Fidyah is enough to feed one person, Kaffarah covers the cost of feeding 60 people in need or repaying 60 fasts as a forfeit for each fast missed. This is based on the notion that the promise to fast in Ramadan is an oath made to Allah subhanahu wa ta'āla;
“God does not hold you accountable for your casual oaths, but He holds you accountable for the oaths which you make binding. The atonement for violating an oath is by feeding ten needy people.”(Qur'an 5:89)
Kaffarah is £300 per day for each fast missed in Ramadan.
Provided 1,250 hot cooked meals to displaced Syrian families living in refugee camps and over 500 nutritious cooked meals in Tanga district, Tanzania.
Muslim Futures delivered 35kg dry-food ration parcels of essential staples to 75 poor families in Okara district, Pakistan.
Orphan girls and their carers at the Children’s Eco-Village in Mkurungu district Tanzania, received cooked meals with local families in the area also receiving food packs.
All donations are used to feed the poor, without deducting ANY administration or marketing costs. It is ONLY used on those who have the rights over it.